Sustainicum Collection

Consus The aim of the project is to establish a regional science-society network for sustainability innovations in Albania and Kosovo in order to strengthen the connection and collaboration of institutions in the field of higher education, research and practice.

Resource facts

  • Less than 5 students
    5 to 10 students
    More than 10 students
    11 to 30 students
  • 4-7 lecture units
  • Internet connection necessary
  • English, German

Resource Description

Best practice example of „Streets for Living“- sustainability-oriented city and landscape planning(Resource ID: 106)

The topics handled by this building block are the street and its function as an essential living and social space, as well as the factors that foster multi-functional street use. This building block is suitable for all planning disciplines that involve content such as street and traffic areas, including city and regional planning, architecture, urban development, landscape and traffic planning. In non-planning-oriented studies it can also serve to build knowledge about self-governance processes or for traffic-related citizen participation processes. This course module is conceived for between one and four course units (each 50 minutes long). The building block can be extended and carried out in more depth by making it into a semester-long project course. The recommended number of participants is a maximum of 25 persons.

From childhood on children are told that it is possible to “learn from one’s mistakes,” yet this is misleading. In reality one learns what doesn’t work from mistakes, not what does work. Within disciplines dealing with spatial questions, the “trial & error” method can be connected to high environmental costs and social problems. Due to this, learning from good examples, the “best practice cases”, is significant. Examples of cities and landscape planning that will be viable into the future are abundant, however sometimes it isn’t easy to separate “the sheep from the goats” or to not become prematurely blinded. In the context of this project course the course leader and students launch a search for tried and true street zoning and housing examples, discuss and reflect on the results and create project reports to make their results available for other students.

In this building block the street is understood as an essential living and social space. Its traffic function is only one of many important street functions, such as recreation, communication or business. Construction, design and organizational factors have influence. Encouraging multi-functional street-use is a central theme of the building block.

In preparation for the first unit, students should bring a photographic example of an existing street design or of a successful street-building area. After a short informational input on the course, the photos should be presented one by one and filtered out based on various street functions and quality characteristics. Supplemental and structural quality criteria for the open street space are presented with a PowerPoint presentation based on photos and sections of maps.

The second unit allows the completion of an individual street survey sketch after a group “test” survey to learn the method. The students should sketch this example before the next unit.

The third unit serves as a time to discuss the survey and sort (“rank”) the street examples according to their functionality aspects.

In the fourth unit, students work in small groups to develop their own multiple-choice questions. The course building block ends with a short reflection round.

The course material includes:

  • Informative component for the course leader,
  • Suggested structure/agenda of the course unit,
  • Course material (PowerPoint presentation on street qualities, information on the usability indicators, survey sheet for open street spaces),
  • Suggested interaction possibilities for the students (presentation of individual research, completion of surveys/mapping, participation in the creation of multiple choice test questions)
  • Instructions for creating the multiple choice questions as knowledge check,
  • Literature tips

In this building block students learn to see streets as public open spaces, to recognize useable streets and to name the construction-spatial and organizational requirements.

Learning Outcomes
- Learning the various street functions as a group,
- Knowledge of the influence of street width and design on the speed and traffic volume,
- Recognition of the significance of street side use,
- Knowledge of usable street and development land zoning.
Relevance for Sustainability
This practice building block serves to sharpen the individual perceptions of street and housing planning, as well as an in-depth reflection of current trends and development in respect to sustainability.
Related Teaching Resources
No specific previous knowledge / related resources required
Sustainability criteria
  • Related to local challenges / needs
  • Holistic thinking
  • Systemic thinking
  • Long-term thinking
  • Related to acquiring skills
  • Strengthens strategic competence
Preparation Efforts
Sources and Links

AMT DER NIEDERÖSTERREICHISCHEN LANDESREGIERUNG (Hrsg.): „Gestaltung von Straße und Ortsraum“, Handbuch der Gruppe GB/2, Wien 1998.

ARBEITSGEMEINSCHAFT FREIRAUM UND VEGETATION (Hrsg.): „StadtbaumSchule. Vertrauliche Mitteilungen über Bäume“, Notizbuch 38 der Kasseler Schule, Kassel 1996.

BECHTLER C. et al.: „Shared Space. Beispiele und Argumente für lebendige öffentliche Räume”, Heinrich Böll Stiftung, Bielefeld 2010.

BECKER et al.: „Platz nehmen – Platz geben. Nutzung und Gebrauch öffentlicher Plätze in Graz sowie deren Beeinflussung durch WLAN-Hotspots – eine freiraumplanerische Stellungnahme“, Projektarbeit am Institut für Landschaftsplanung der Universität für Bodenkultur, Wien 2010.

BÖSE H.: „Die Aneignung von städtischen Freiräumen. Beiträge zur Theorie und Sozialen Praxis des Freiraumes“, Arbeitsberichte des Fachbereichs Stadtplanung und Landschaftsplanung, Heft 22, Gesamthochschule Kassel, Kassel 1981.

JACOBS J.: „Tod und Elend großer amerikanischer Städte“, Braunschweig 1976. Projektübung „Straßen zum Leben“ 6

MAES W.: „Stress durch Strom und Strahlung. Baubiologie: Unser Patient ist das Haus – Band 1, Elektrosmog, Mobilfunk, Radioaktivität, Erdstrahlung, Schall“, Schriftenreihe Gesundes Wohnen, Institut für Baubiologie und Ökologie, Neubeuern 2005.

OBERFELD G.: „Informationsmappe Elektrosmog“, Landessanitätsdirektion, Referat Gesundheit, Hygiene und Umweltmedizin (Hrsg.), Amt der Salzburger Landesregierung, Abteilung 9, Gesundheitswesen und Landesanstalten (Verleger), Salzburg 2008.

SCHOLZ N.: „Über den Umgang mit Bäumen - oder: praktisch-handwerkliche Erfahrungen zur Technik des Bäumepflanzens“, Notizbuch 1 der Kasseler Schule, Arbeitsgemeinschaft Freiraum und Vegetation (Hrsg.), Kassel 1985.

THEILING C. et al.: „Bremer-Reihen. Reihenhäuser und ‚ne Reihe Plätze in Bremen“, Notizbuch 44 der Kasseler Schule, Arbeitsgemeinschaft Freiraum und Vegetation (Hrsg.), Kassel 1996.

Richtlinien und Handbücher:

BRACHER T. et al. (Hrsg.): HKV-Handbuch der kommunalen Verkehrsplanung, Für die Praxis in Stadt und Region, Loseblattwerk, VDE-Verlag, Berlin 2012.

FORSCHUNGSGESELLSCHAFT FÜR STRASSEN- UND VERKEHRSWESEN: RAST 06, Richtlinien für die Anlage von Stadtstraßen, FSGV-Nr. 200, Arbeitsgruppe Straßenentwurf, FGSV-Verlag, Köln 2006.

ÖSTERREICHISCHE FORSCHUNGSGESELLSCHAFT STRASSE - SCHIENE - VERKEHR: Richtlinien und Vorschriften für das Straßenwesen, RVS 03.02.12 Fußgängerverkehr (August 2004), Wien.

ÖSTERREICHISCHE FORSCHUNGSGESELLSCHAFT STRASSE - SCHIENE - VERKEHR: Richtlinien und Vorschriften für das Straßenwesen, RVS 03.02.13 Radverkehr (März 2011), Wien.

ÖSTERREICHISCHE FORSCHUNGSGESELLSCHAFT STRASSE – SCHIENE - VERKEHR: Richtlinien und Vorschriften für das Straßenwesen, RVS 03.04.12 Querschnittgestaltung von Innerortsstraßen (Jänner 2001), Wien.


(Zugriffe im August und September 2012)

http://videos.next-up.org/Arte/Fluchtlinge_vor_einer_strahlenden_Welt/20_12_2009.html (Film)



Funded by
Funded by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Science and Research within the framework of the call "Projekt MINT-Massenfächer" (2011/12)

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Maria Baumgartner


Maria Baumgartner
This teaching resource is allocated to following University:
BOKU - University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna


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