Sustainicum Collection

Consus The aim of the project is to establish a regional science-society network for sustainability innovations in Albania and Kosovo in order to strengthen the connection and collaboration of institutions in the field of higher education, research and practice.

Resource facts

  • Less than 5 students
    5 to 10 students
    More than 10 students
    Independent of the number of students
  • 15 to 30 min
    Up to 3 lecture units
  • English, German

Resource Description

Instruction file

Additional attachments

Climate dice(Resource ID: 213)

Two dice illustrate the shift towards higher temperatures by simulating the natural year-to-year variability of cold, average or hot summer seasons, making it easy to comparing summers of earlier decades with today.

Author: Franz Embacher
according to a design by Iouli Andreev, based on a publication by James Hansen

If the summers between 1951 and 1climate dice980 of the Northern Hemisphere mainland are categorized in "cold", "average" and "hot" summers and if the same categories are applied to the summers between 2001 and 2011, a shift towards warmer summers becomes apparent. These changes are illustrated by creating a "climate die" for each period to simulate the natural year-to-year variability of these three summer categories.

  • Two sides of the climate die, representing the period between 1951 and 1980, are used for each category.
  • The climate die representing the period between 2001 and 2011, has half a side for cold, one side for average and four and a half sides for hot summers. Half a side is used for the new category of extremely hot summers.

The two climate dice can be used to discuss important problems and compare data without high statistical effort but nevertheless based on scientific data:

  • What exactly does it mean if we say, "the summers are getting hotter"?
  • How can higher temperatures in summer be quantified?
  • Can the more frequent occurrence of hot summers during the last decade be explained by the natural variability of climate or is it an indication of global warming?

The following files are attached to the building block:

Learning Outcomes
The students should gain an understanding of the quantitative results of global warming and be able to discuss the questions above based on the empirical data illustrated by the climate dice.
Relevance for Sustainability
Empirically proven global warming – illustrated by the climate dice – as well as the forecast of the climate dice for the following decades based on climate models indicate that it is important to stop using fossil energy sources.
Related Teaching Resources
No specific previous knowledge / related resources required
Preparation Efforts
Sources and Links
Funded by
Funded by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Science and Research within the framework of the call "Projekt MINT-Massenfächer" (2011/12)

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Franz Embacher


Franz Embacher
This teaching resource is allocated to following University:
BOKU - University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna
Center for Global Change and Sustainability (BOKU Vienna)


Creative Commons

Teaching Tools & Methods

  • Simulation program
  • Written material
  • Simulation
  • formteaching_experiment