Electorate voting behavior is one of the most significant components of the socio-political and economic life of the Albanian Republic. This is officially formulated in the article, point 3 of the Albanian Constitute: 3 “Governance is based on a system of elections that are free, equal, general and periodic”. It expresses the direct mechanism where the individual takes part in political representation, constitutes direction which is the focus of the political actors when they offer programs, political platforms, reforms, etc. The basis of sustainable local policy development is that it is built on the voter’s interests.
Students will try to answer through their research the most important question of the electoral process. How the electorate votes? Why and how they take their decision? Based on which grounds/criterions? What are the implications of this decision? Why they choose one party over another? What is the connection between the voter decision and the policy-makers? How can this cooperation become more effective and efficient for a sustainable socio-economic-political development in Durrës?
In addition to the contribution to democracy and welfare development of this local unit, it is crucial to analyze the selection criteria when the voter makes its choice. These criteria differ from individual to individual. They can be allocated into several groups. The main ones are: absent, rational and ideological. Students will try to draw a modest map of these actual types of voting behavior in Durrës Municipality.
The purpose is to provide students with practical knowledge to identify the electoral behavior of Durrës city. To be more proactive in consulting the political parties and Local Government. The basic research skills needed are text and programs (data processing) in social research. This experience will provide them with the necessary knowledge in critical analysis. They will also undertake basic research and give appropriate recommendations to the stakeholders. Students will learn how to select the research techniques according to the nature of the problem posed, as per the costs and difficulties of implementing it. At the end of the project, they will understand how policy researchers develop their research. How to reach their conclusion in real life work.
On the other hand, stakeholders, throughout the electoral behaviour consultancy will gain an academic view to develop the most suitable policy for their local electorates. Thus, all parties involved will contribute to a more sustainable social development.