Students of Agrobusiness faculty will take the necessary information from dhe field experts on how to plant barley and how to cultivate it (information is described below), and if it is the right time of the year, the students will be involved in planting or cultivating the barley.
Despite the climate and land conditions, the spring barley planting should be done as soon as it can be. The average seed amount is brought to 150 kg/ha, or it corresponds to nearly 330 seeds per m2 that ensures 500 – 700 spikelet per m2. The planting distance should be 13-20 cm (or in average 15-18 cm). The depth should reach 2-3 cm. The barley seeds main parts are: the germ or the embryo, the endosperm) and the covers : cotyledon, germ cover and seed cover).
The barley seed may bloom under the lowest humidity rate that is generally necessary. The seed should normally contain 12 % of humidity. The humidity rate in barley should be low so as to hold all the vital activities in the seed and the irreversible harm by losing all its production values. The planting of the barley seed starts when the seed itself accepts the humidity quantity, called vegetative humidity. The vital activities of barley become more obvious when the barley seed mounts nearly 30 %, and after this it comes out equally. Through the planting guide with low temperatures in intervals of 12-16oC, the planting is more successful when the temperatures are higher.
Due to the high humidity level, the green malt can be easily harmed, therefore it needs to be dried up to the point at which it is deemed to be safe. In addition to this, they should pay special attention to the full transformation of the seed regarding the chemical-biological nature that has actually started during the blooming, together with some components that need to be fixed. Following the removal of the smell and the taste of green malt, it gains the characteristic aroma of the seed and the special colour. The removal of the rootlets is of crucial importance because they are hygroscopic and they absorb the environment humidity. The objectives mentioned above are accomplished only through a careful draining process.