Sustainicum Collection

Consus The aim of the project is to establish a regional science-society network for sustainability innovations in Albania and Kosovo in order to strengthen the connection and collaboration of institutions in the field of higher education, research and practice.

Resource facts

  • 11 to 30 students
    More than 30 students
  • Up to 3 lecture units
  • English, Shqip

Resource Description

Instruction file

The territorial-administrative reform in Albania and the efficiency of local public services: the case of Durrës.(Resource ID: 348)

This teaching material offers active learning and knowledge sharing in relation to social, economic and environmental challenges for sustainable development in Albania. The aim of this teaching resource is to foster education for sustainability issues and challenges in the context of several case studies. This teaching resource will be focused on the new administrative territorial reform in Albania. The reform is related to good governance and efficient use of the available resources of the local governmental units, in the context of the decentralization reform and is a very important step toward sustainable development. First, the students will be introduced to some sustainability concepts and issues. Thus, after two lessons, students will be required to present their course projects in relation to sustainability issues and challenges that they can identify by themselves in the context of the new administrative-territorial reform. Therefore, due to research and analysis, they will discuss together and with important stakeholders about the differences and the improvements that they will identify in the local government units.

The new administrative-territorial reform in Albania was undertaken in 2013-2014 and was finalized in matter of law, in 31 July with the Law no. 115/2015. In accordance with this reform, the Albanian territory will be divided in 12 regions (qarqe), 61 municipalities (bashki), and by merging approximately 5-6 towns or communes (komuna). This new territorial division was done in order to increase the efficiency of the available resources of the local governmental units, in the context of the decentralization reform. This could be treated a very important step toward sustainable development.  With the previous division in Albania there were 12 regions, 65 municipalities and 308 towns or communes, with the right to administer their own resources and also to gain funds by the public, national budget. By this reform the local government units improve their capacity towards good governance. In addition they can offer qualitative public services. On the other hand, such services can be closer to the citizen’s needs. The old administrative division lacked capacities for development and appropriate level of public services.

The main public services performed by local government are: its own functions, joint functions and delegated ones. The first ones are infrastructure and public services, social, cultural and sports services, local economic development, and public order and civil protection. Joint functions are related to education, health service, social care, public order and civil protection, and environment protection. Delegated functions are related to issues like civil offices and business registration.

Although towns merged to form different functional zones, they continue to offer citizens public services. Actually the center of the region (qark) is the city of Durrës, and encompasses these local government units: Durrës municipality, Shijak and Krujë municipalities.

The teaching material aim is to bring to the attention of students the new territorial reform, which they can analyze. In addition they can explore this reform, in relation to the public services offered and the impact on the sustainable development.

Then, due to research and analysis they will discuss as a group and with important stakeholders about the differences and the improvements that they will identify in the local government units.

Students’ findings of the research and analysis will be integrated in the course syllabus of “Public Policies” and “Public Administration” as a one to two week lectures in the Political Science and Public Administration program studies.

Integration of Social Stakeholders
Different stakeholders will be identified in this area. The major ones can be: The State Minister for Local Issues, Durrës Municipality, citizens of the Durrës region and also different companies.
Students will have the possibility to contact governmental agencies, businesses and interest groups with importance to the new territorial-administrative reform.
– Active learning experience for students.
– Mutual learning for students and different parties involved.
– Strong trans-disciplinary approach.
– The amount of time required in order to learn the case studies offered by the public services in Durrës municipality.
– Approaching stakeholders relevant for the discussed topic.
– The involvement of students in independent research about sustainability challenges.
Learning Outcomes
This teaching resource learning targets are:
- Public policies and good-governance.
- The new administrative-territorial reform in Albania, and especially the case of Durres.
- The efficient use of the available resources by local government units and the services they provide for their communities.
Relevance for Sustainability
– Sustainable development in socio-economic and environmental areas.
– Awareness of sustainability issues like efficient use of local resources and fiscal decentralization, efficient public services and, possible solutions to the problems that are faced in the process.
Related Teaching Resources
No specific previous knowledge / related resources required
Preparation Efforts
Preparation Efforts Description
– Preparation for the lecturer: 3-6 hours.
The assessment of the students will be based on the course syllabus and part of the grading system. That means that the students will be graded for their course assignment with a maximum of 100 points out of a total of 1000 points.
Credit/Certification Description
Funded by
This teaching resource, realised within the project ConSus, has been funded with the support of the TEMPUS of the European Union. The contents reflect the views of the authors, and the European Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

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Marsida Ismaili
This teaching resource is allocated to following University:
UAMD - Aleksandër Moisiu University of Durrës


Creative Commons

Teaching Tools & Methods

  • Excursion
  • Mini-project
  • Case study
  • Written material