This teaching resource aims at introducing students with issues related to the legal framework and conditions for the certification, as well as marketing of Bio products and their important role for rural development and environmental protection.
Agriculture is a very important sector of the economy. The organic farming system is not a new concept and it ensures the cultivation of a plant only by perserving soil fertility and living microorganisms, using animal and plant organic waste and other farm waste, in order to provide plant feed and sustainable production in an ecological unpolluted environment. Organic farming offers health benefits and environmental protection. It is also proven that there are positive impacts on rural economies as from the standpoint of making incomes, as well as that of diversity in economic activities.
This teaching material will initially be presented to students of bachelor or masters in law during the course of environmental law, starting with a frank discussion on tools and instruments that can be used in order to preserve the environment and the role that Bio products on this behalf.
Then students will partectipate in an open lesson held by representatives of the "BIO ADRIA" Association and a farmer from the community of farmers of Durres that cultivates bio grapes. This lecture will aim to familiarize students of role that Bio farms can play in preserving the environment and sustainable rural development. In order to achieve it, lecturers will present the case study of Bio farms and international literature in this field.
After this, students will be introduced to the Albanian legal framework for the production, certification and marketing of Bio products and conditions to obtain state subsidies.
The next step will be the formation of students groups (4-5). They will choose a product and based on it, they will prepare a document that will include the main instructions for producing it in an organic way and all other necessary documents for state certification, subsidies and marketing.