Literature            Goto Links
Almodovar, A. & Nicola, G.G. (1999) Effects of a small hydropower station upon brown trout Salmo trutta L. in the River Hoz Seca (Tagus basin, Spain) one year after regulation. Regulated Rivers-Research & Management, 15, 477-484.
Backiel, T. (1985) Fall of migratory populations and changes in commercial fisheries in impounded rivers in Poland. In: J.S. Alabaster (ed.) Habitat modifications and Freshwater Fisheries. Proceedings of a Symposium of European Fisheries Advisory Comission, FAO. London: Butterworths.
Bain, M. (2007) Hydropower Operations and Environmental Conservation: St. Marys River, Ontario and Michigan. No. 56 pp.
Bain, M.B., Finn, J.T. & Booke, H.E. (1988) Streamflow Regulation and Fish Community Structure. Ecology, 69, 382-392.
Baumann, P. & Klaus, I. (2003) Gewässerökologische Auswirkungen des Schwallbetriebes. Mitteilungen zur Fischerei No. 112 pp.
BMLFUW (2005) EU-Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EG: Austrian report on the current situation of water bodies and rivers. No. 205 pp.
Bradford, M.J. (1997) An experimental study of stranding of juvenile salmonids on gravel bars and in sidechannels during rapid flow decreases. Regulated Rivers-Research & Management, 13, 395-401.
Bradford, M.J., Taylor, G.C., Allan, J.A. & Higgins, P.S. (1995) An experimental study of the stranding of juvenile coho salmon and rainbow trout during rapid flow decreases under winter conditions. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 15, 473-479.
Brookes, A. (1988) Channelized rivers: perspectives for environmental management, Chichester, New York, Brisbane, Toronto, Singapore: John Wiley & Sons.
Carling, P.A. & McCahon, C.P. (1987) Natural siltation of brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) spawning places during low-flow conditions. In: J.F. Craig & J.B. Kemper (eds.) Regulated streams: Advances in Ecology. New York: Plenum Press.
Cumming, G.S. (2004) The impact of low-head dams on fish species richness in Wisconsin, USA. Ecological Applications, 14, 1495–1506.
Cushman, R.M. (1985) Review of ecological effects of rapidly varying flows downstream from hydroelectric facilities. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 5, 330-339.
Environmental Agency (2006) Water for life and livelihoods - River Basin Management Plan glossary (
Fischer, S. & Kummer, H. (2000) Effects of residual flow and habitat fragmentation on distribution and movement of bullhead (Cottus gobio L.) in an alpine stream. Hydrobiologia, 422-423, 305-317.
Flodmark, L.E.W. (2004) Hydropeaking - a potential threat or just a nuisance? Experiments with daily discharge fluctuations and their effects on juvenile salmonids. Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences. Oslo: University of Oslo.
Flodmark, L.E.W., Vollestad, L.A. & Forseth, T. (2004) Performance of juvenile brown trout exposed to fluctuating water level and temperature. Journal of Fish Biology, 65, 460-470.
Gehrke, P.C., Gilligan, D.M. & Barwick, M. (2002) Changes in fish communities of the Shoalhaven River 20 years after construction of Tallowa Dam, Australia. River Research and Applications, 18, 265-286.
Goltara, A., Boz,B., Schipani , I., Conte, G., Bombonato, A. (year not indicated) Task 3.3 Guidelines for Hydro Power Plants licensing for decision makers (from:, accessed at 21.11.2012).
Habicht, C., Olsen, J.B., Fair, L. & Seeb, J.E. (2004) Smaller effective population sizes evidenced by loss of microsatellite alleles in tributary-spawning populations of Sockeye Salmon from the Kvichak River, Alaska drainage. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 69, 51-62.
Halleraker, J.H., Saltveit, S.J., Harby, A., Arnekleiv, J.V., Fjeldstad, H.P. & Kohler, B. (2003) Factors influencing stranding of wild juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta) during rapid and frequent flow decreases in an artificial stream. River Research and Applications, 19, 589-603.
Harby, A., Alfredsen, K.T., Fjeldstad, H.P., Halleraker, J.H., Arnekleiv, J.V., Borsanyi, P., Flodmark, L.E.W., Saltveit, S.J., Johansen, S.W., Vehanen, T., Huusko, A., Clarke, K. & Scruton, D.A. (2001) Ecological impacts of hydro peaking in rivers. Proceedings of Hydropower 2001, Bergen.
Haunschmid, R., Schotzko, N., Petz-Glechner, R., Honsig-Erlenburg, W., Schmutz, S., Spindler, T., Unfer, G., Wolfram, G., Bammer, V., Hundritsch, L., Prinz, H. & Sasano, B. (2010) Leitfaden zur Erhebung der biologischen Qualitätselemente: Teil A1 - Fische. No. 80 pp. (you can download this report at
Haunschmid, R., Wolfram, G., Spindler, T., Honsig-Erlenburg, W., Wimmer, R., Jagsch, A., Kainz, E., Hehenwarter, K., Wagner, B., Konecny, R., Riedmüller, R., Ibel, G., Sasano, B. & Schotzko, N. (2006) Erstellung einer fischbasierten Typologie österreichischer Fließgewässer sowie einer Bewertungsmethode des fischökologischen Zustandes gemäß EU-Wasserrahmenrichtlinie. No. Band 23. 104 pp.
Illies J. & Botosaneanu L. 1963. Problemes et methodes de la classification et de la zonation ecologique des eaux courantes, considerees surtout du point de vue faunistique. Mitteilungen Internationale Vereiningung fuer Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie, 12: 1–57.
Jäger, P., Finster, M., Schrempf, R., Unterweger, A. & Zitek, A. (2011) Sondermessprogramm Restwasser und Schwall. Auswirkungen der hydraulischen Belastungen auf Hydromorphologie, Makrozoobenthos und Fische in Salzburger Fließgewässern. Reihe Gewässerschutz, 17. Amt der Salzburger Landesregierung. Land Salzburg, 436 S. inkl. Anhang.
Joy, M.K. & Death, R.G. (2001) Control of freshwater fish and crayfish community structure in Taranaki, New Zealand: dams, diadromy or habitat structure? Freshwater Biology, 46, 417-429.
Jungwirth, M., Haidvogl, G., Moog, O., Muhar, S. & Schmutz, S. (2003) Angewandte Fischökologie an Fließgewässern, Wien: Facultas Verlag.
Jungwirth, M., Muhar, S. & Schmutz, S. (1995) The effects of recreated instream and ecotone structures on the fish fauna of an epipotamal river. Hydrobiologia, 303, 195-206.
Kerle, F., Giesecke, J., Zöllner, F. & Kopecki, J. (2003) Gewässerökologische Begleituntersuchung zum Bau und Betrieb einer Kleinwasserkraftanlage. No. WB 16/03. 53 pp.
Knaepkens, G., Verheyen, E., Galbusera, P. & Eens, M. (2004) The use of genetic tools for the evaluation of a potential migration barrier for the bullhead. Journal of Fish Biology, 64, 1737-1744.
Kristensen, P. (2004) The DPSIR Framework. Comprehensive/Detailed Assessment of the Vulnerability of Water Resources to Environmental Change in Africa using River Basin Approach. UNEP, Nairobi, Kenya.
Kubecka, J., Matena, J. & Hartvich, P. (1997) Adverse ecological effects of small hydropower stations in the Czech Republic .1. Bypass plants. Regulated Rivers-Research & Management, 13, 101-113.
Laroche, J. & Durand, J.D. (2004) Genetic structure of fragmented populations of a threatened endemic percid of the Rhone river: Zingel asper. Heredity, 92, 329-334.
LFV Bayern e. V. (2007) Position zur Wasserkraft Thesenpapier des LFV Bayern e.V., 5/2007,
LIMNEX (2004) Auswirkungen des Schwallbetriebes auf das Ökosystem der Fließgewässer: Gurndlagen zur Beurteiluung. No. 35 pp.
Maiolini B. and Bruno M.C. (2007) The River Continuum Concept revisited: Lessons from the Alps. alpine space - man & environment, vol. 3, pp 67-76.
Meldgaard, T., Nielsen, E.E. & Loeschcke, V. (2003) Fragmentation by weirs in a riverine system: a study of genetic variation in time and space among populations of European grayling (Thymallus thymallus) in a Danish river system. Conservation Genetics, 4, 735-747.
Moog, O. (1993) Quantification of daily peak hydropower effects on aquatic fauna and management to minimize environmental impacts. Regulated Rivers-Research & Management, 8, 5-14.
Morita, K. & Yamamoto, S. (2002) Effects of habitat fragmentation by damming on the persistence of stream-dwelling charr populations. Conservation Biology, 16, 1318-1323.
Neraas, L.P. & Spruell, P. (2001) Fragmentation of riverine systems: the genetic effects of dams on bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) in the Clark Fork River system. Molecular Ecology, 10, 1153-1164.
Northcote, T.G. (1998) Migratory behaviour of fish and its significance to movement trough riverine fish passage facilities. In: M. Jungwirth, S. Schmutz & S. Weiss (eds.) Fish Migration an Fish Bypasses. Oxford - London - Berlin: Blackwell Science Ltd.
Novinger, D.C. & Rahel, F.J. (2003) Isolation management with artificial barriers as a conservation strategy for Cutthroat Trout in headwater streams. Conservation Biology, 17, 772-781.
Ofenböck, T., Graf, W., Hartmann, A., Huber, T., Leitner, P., Stubauer, I. & Moog, O. (2011) Abschätzung des ökologischen Zustandes von Stauen auf Basis von Milieufaktoren. No. 100 pp.
Ortlepp, J. & Murle, U. (2003) Effects of experimental flooding on brown trout (Salmo trutta fario L.): The River Spol, Swiss National Park. Aquatic Sciences, 65, 232-238.
Ovidio, M., Capra, H. & Philippart, J.C. (2008) Regulated discharge produces substantial demographic changes on four typical fish species of a small salmonid stream. Hydrobiologia, 609, 59–70.
Ovidio, M., Paquer, F., Capra, H., Lambot, F., Gerard, P., Dupont, E. & Philippart, J.-C. (2004) Effects of a micro hydroelectric power plant upon population abundance, mobility and reproduction behaviour of European grayling T. thymallus and brown trout S. trutta in a salmonid river. In: D. Garcia de Jalon & P. Vizcaino Martinez (eds.) Fifth International Symposium on Ecohydraulics, Aquatic Habitats: Analysis and Restoration, 12.09.2004-17.09.2004. Madrid, Spain.
Parasiewicz, P., Schmutz, S. & Moog, O. (1998) The effect of managed hydropower peaking on the physical habitat, benthos and fish fauna in the River Bregenzerach in Austria. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 5, 403-417.
Penczak, T., Glowacki, L., Galicka, W. & Koszalinski, H. (1998) A long-term study (1985-1995) of fish populations in the impounded Warta River, Poland. Hydrobiologia, 368, 157-173.
Porto, L.M., McLaughlin, R.L. & Noakes, D.L.G. (1999) Low-Head Barrier Dams Restrict the Movements of Fishes in Two Lake Ontario Streams. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 19, 1028–1036.
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Saltveit, S.J., Halleraker, J.H., Arnekleiv, J.V. & Harby, A. (2001) Field experiments on stranding in juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brown trout (Salmo trutta) during rapid flow decreases caused by hydropeaking. Regulated Rivers-Research & Management, 17, 609-622.
Schmalz, W. & Schmalz, M. (2007) Durchführung systematischer Untersuchungen zur Konzeption funktionsgerechter Wanderhilfen im Bereich von Wasserkraftanlagen am Beispiel der Wasserkraftanlage Camburg/Döbritschen (Thüringen). No. 184 pp.
Schmutz, S., Kaufmann, M., Vogel, B. & Jungwirth, M. (2000a) Grundlagen zur Bewertung der fischökologischen Funktionsfähigkeit von Fliessgewässern, Wien: Bundesministerium für Land und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wasserwirtschaft.
Schmutz, S., Kaufmann, M., Vogel, B., Jungwirth, M. & Muhar, S. (2000b) A multilevel concept for fish-based, river-type-specific assessment of ecological integrity. Hydrobiologia, 422/423, 279-289.
Schnell, J. (2004) Untersuchungen zu gewässerökologischen Auswirkungen von Kraftwerksschwellbetrieb auf eine Fließstrecke, dargestellt anhand des Naturschutzgebietes „Litzauer Schleife“ am Lech. Diplomarbeit an der Landwirtschaftlich-Gärtnerische Fakultät, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
Scruton, D.A., Anderson, T.C. & King, L.W. (1998) Pamehac Brook: A case study of the restoration of a Newfoundland, Canada, river impacted by flow diversion for pulpwood transportation. Aquatic Conservation-Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 8, 145-157.
Utzinger, J., Roth, C. & Peter, A. (1998) Effects of environmental parameters on the distribution of bullhead Cottus gobio with particular consideration of the effects of obstructions. Journal of Applied Ecology, 35, 882-892.
Zauner, G. & Eberstaller, J. (1999) Klassifizierungsschema der österreichischen Flußfischfauna in Bezug auf deren Lebensraumansprüche. Österreichs Fischerei, 52, 198-205.
Zauner, G., Pinka, P. & Moog, O. (2001) Pilotstudie Oberes Donautal - Gewässerökologische Evaluierung neugeschaffener Schotterstrukturen im Stauwurzelbereich des Kraftwerks Aschach, Wien: Wasserstraßendirektion, 132 pp.
Zitek, A. (2006) Potential criteria for modelling fish/pressure relationships in running waters - literature review (, 21.11.2012), 186 pp.
Zitek, A., Haidvogl, G., Jungwirth, M., Pavlas, P. & Schmutz, S. (2007) An ecologically-based strategic guideline for restoring the longitudinal connectivity for fish in running waters of Austria. WP 5 of the MIRR project - A Model based Instrument for River Restoration (, 21.11.2011). No. 139 pp.
Zitek, A., Schmutz, S. & Jungwirth, M. (2004) Fischökologisches Monitoring an den Flüssen Pielach, Melk und Mank - im Rahmen des Eu-LIFE Projektes "Lebensraum Huchen" - Endbericht, 113 pp.
Zitek, A., Schmutz, S. & Jungwirth, M. (2008) Assessing the efficiency of connectivity measures with regard to the EU-Water Framework Directive in a Danube-tributary system. Hydrobiologia, 209, 139-161.
Zitek, A., Stelzhammer, M., Poppe, M. (2011) BOKU – Advanced Topics and Models. DynaLearn, EC FP7 STREP project 231526, Deliverable D6.4.5, pp. 93.

Link            Goto Literature Explanation of the EU Water Framework Directive of the BOKU project "MIRR - Development of a strategic instrument for integrated assessment of ecological restoration measures in running waters".,com_docman/task,cat_view/gid,103/Itemid,314/lang,de/Download link for the Fish Index Austria (FIA) Agency webpage with information to the EU-WFD models of the WISER (FP6, contract No. 226273) project with conceptual models illustrating the relationships between three common restoration measures (riparian buffer instalment, instream mesohabitat improvement, weir-removal), its effects on instream environmental key variables, and eventually the impact of changing variables on benthic algae, macrophytes, benthic invertebrates and fish. comprehensive global online database of fish species. page of the Austrian Ministry of Life containing all relevant up-to-date information on the implementation of the EU-WFD in Austria. guidelines for the assessment of the biological quality elements for the EU-WFD. binding document for the quality targets for the ecology of surface waters for the EU-WFD - QZV Ökologie OG, BGBl II 99/2010. Here with regard to different pressure types the minimum and maximum values for key parameters that have to be fulfilled to maintain a good ecological status are defined. on judging the negative ecological effects of impoundments based on abiotic milieu factors and MZB.
german: 'Sind unsere Flüsse noch zu Retten?': Wasserkraftwerke wirken sich nachteilig auf? die ökologische Funktion und Durchgängigkeit von Fließgewässern aus. Um die Problematik einer breiten Öffentlichkeit bekannt zu machen, hat der Verband Deutscher Sportfischer (VDSF) jetzt in Kooperation mit der Europäischen Angler Allianz (EAA) ein Filmprojekt mit dem Titel „Sind unsere Flüsse noch zu retten?“ realisiert.
english: 'The End of The River': European rivers are negatively impacted by thousands of small hydropower installations and barrages, with many more to come if the power industry has it their way
Two films about the effects of sediment flushing of an impoundment on fish.